Book Review: “The Way of the Wall Street Warrior”
After all, he explained, 90% of your long-term success was about earning promotions and higher compensation.
Everyone was obsessed with breaking into the industry, but winning an internship or job offer meant nothing if you couldn’t last.
I told him this was a fine idea to help junior employees but a bad idea if he wanted to make money.
In most markets – financial modeling, fitness, dating, furry fetish enthusiasts, etc. – beginners spend most of the money.
My friend ignored my advice and wrote a solid book but never published it.
But someone else assumed the mantle, approached this task from the investment banking side, and authored an excellent book about this topic.
It’s called The Way of the Wall Street Warrior: Conquer the Corporate Game Using Tips, Tricks, and Smartcuts, and if you’re interested in advancing up the ladder, I highly recommend it.
The author is Dave Liu, a 25-year investment banking veteran, with experience co-founding several companies in his post-banking career.
He quickly rose to the Managing Director level, stayed there to grow his franchise, and then left banking in his early 40s to preserve his sanity.
A mutual connection referred me to Dave and his new book, and while I don’t read many “career guides” – I prefer sci-fi and fantasy – I was intrigued enough to read this one.
What Is The Way of the Wall Street Warrior About?
I’d describe this book as a combined memoir, recruiting guide, and career guide, and it succeeds to varying degrees in each of those roles.
The first ~25% of the book is about how to “get in the game,” or how to network and interview successfully.
The next 50-60% explains how to advance from entry-level roles to mid-level ones and eventually senior roles.
And the final segment explains how to thrive when you’ve reached the top and how to know when it’s time to move on.
He’s very honest about the downsides of becoming an MD or Partner in investment banking; one of my favorite quotes from this section was:
“Being an MD is like being a pro athlete: highly paid, short half-life, and someone always gunning for your seat on the team.”
Strengths: What I Liked
Unlike many career guides, this one is written in a lively, entertaining style with many pop-culture references throughout.
Each chapter starts with one of the author’s cartoons, so you can decide what to read based on a quick scan.
The greatest strengths of the book are:
- Focus on how to move up the ladder – Which group should you pick, and how do you know when it’s time to switch teams? How do you know if you’re about to get forced out? And how can you decide if you’re being paid fairly beyond the online compensation reports?
- Many memorable anecdotes – You’ll read about the “no socks guy” interviewee, the MD who complained that he earned “only” $2 million one year, and one Analyst who lied and cheated his firm out of $12,000, bragged about it, and then ruined his career as a result.
- Discussion of “the game” at the highest levels – How does an MD think about which companies to work with and which to avoid? Why does one banker who generates the same fees as another banker get promoted more quickly? What are the top three superpowers you need to be a great MD?
- How to succeed as an outsider in banking – If you’re not a white male, how can you overcome bias in the industry and get promoted anyway? What if you didn’t attend private schools funded by a wealthy family, or what if you have a disability? Are banks even serious about “diversity”?
My favorite part was probably the one on compensation (Chapter 19).
He describes the entire process of discussing and ranking people and explains why heated arguments often break out.
And he tells a great story of how he ingratiated himself with the Group Head one year, which led to him managing the spreadsheets that tracked the bonus pools.
Talk about having a more accurate read on the numbers than the average comp report or online discussion!
Weaknesses and Areas for Improvement
This book tries to do a lot, and while much of it is insightful, other parts don’t stack up quite as well.
For example, the first ~25% on recruiting goes into the “necessary but not sufficient” category for me.
Dave gives good advice about cleaning up your social media presence, writing effective cold emails, and standing out in interviews via cultural fit.
I agree with all these points, but this advice is not enough to be competitive for IB internships and full-time jobs in today’s environment.
You need the right sequence of internships, the right networking action plan, and a good command of technical and fit/behavioral questions.
And you need to deal with nonsense such as pre-recorded HireVue interviews.
I realize the author avoided these topics because he didn’t want to make the book 1,000 pages long and because he wanted to make it applicable to non-finance careers as well; you don’t need to walk through a DCF to get a marketing job at Google.
But if that’s the case, perhaps he should have skipped the recruiting bits and focused on advancing up the ladder.
With a title that includes “Wall Street,” I’m not sure how much it will appeal to people outside of finance anyway.
I have one other minor quibble: throughout the book, there are quotes from the author’s industry contacts in banking, private equity, venture capital, and other industries.
It’s nice to get other peoples’ perspectives, but I don’t think these quotes added much to the narrative; they mostly repeated common-sense advice.
I would have preferred more stories, whether from the author or these other professionals.
The Way of the Wall Street Warrior: Key Career Takeaways
It’s difficult to summarize everything, but a few of my favorite takeaways were on the following topics:
Practicing and Improving Your Communication/Presentation Skills
This one’s similar to practicing for job interviews: do the real thing as much as possible in lower-stakes settings.
Sure, you can record yourself and listen to your responses, and you can do mock interviews with other students.
They both help, but in my experience, you get most of the gains from practicing in real settings.
The author explains how he often set aside extra time on business trips to pitch lower-probability prospects that had no interest in hiring his bank.
He didn’t expect to generate fees from these efforts, but he did improve his presentation skills.
If you can pitch a lukewarm company without getting slapped in the face, legitimately interested prospects will be easy.
There’s even a section where he explains how to use anchoring and physical distances in presentations to get people to pay attention and stop playing with their phones.
Moving Up from VP to MD
Throughout the book, Dave writes about the steps required to advance from the mid-levels to the senior level (Partner or MD):
- Get a lot of practice cold calling potential clients and pitching lukewarm and even hostile companies.
- Spend as little time as possible at the SVP / Director level because it’s quicksand! If you get trapped there too long, you’ll sink.
- Always leave a “paper trail” for important deals and contribute the last word in all interactions with clients and co-workers.
- Win a competitive offer from a rival bank and make sure people at your firm know about it (this was the final step that led to his faster-than-normal promotion).
A few articles on this site have touched on this topic before, but there’s far more detail here, and it’s backed up by firsthand experience.
Empowering People Below and Above You
Bankers have a reputation for being terrible managers.
Just search the internet for “investment banking horror stories,” and you’ll find everything from sexual harassment to pointless all-nighters.
Some amount of horror is native to investment banking, but Dave took a very different approach on his way to the top.
Rather than humiliating his junior bankers, he identified their strengths, figured out what they wanted beyond money, and gave them options so they’d feel some sense of autonomy.
And if a team member wanted to suggest an idea in a meeting, he would let them – and then course-correct if the client’s reaction was bad.
These junior bankers had no say in his bonus, but they often ended up at client companies or PE or VC firms, so the relationships could be valuable for a long time.
On the opposite end of the hierarchy, he made the senior bankers above him, such as Group Heads, feel that they were benefiting from his deals.
Sometimes, this meant sharing “revenue credit” with these other bankers, even if they played marginal roles.
As it turns out, some bankers wouldn’t approve good deals unless they also benefited.
Yes, you need to generate a certain amount of fees to reach the MD level, but results alone are not enough.
You also need to be visible and make sure everyone likes you for different reasons.
How to Become a Wall Street Warrior
I stand by what I told my trader friend a long time ago: writing a book about advancing on the job is not a good way to make money in the mass market.
But that’s not always the goal, and in this case, Dave is donating the book’s proceeds to charity.
I also earn nothing from this review/recommendation since I’m using a generic Amazon link.
If you want a long-term career in finance, especially in investment banking, I strongly recommend reading this book.
You may not become a warrior overnight, but you’ll have the tools you need to climb the ladder and defeat your enemies on the way to the top.
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Great review! Will definitely add this on my list
What are the books that students/ young man must read? What are the best books for investment banking?
Thanks. I don’t really have a list of books because, honestly, you can find better information about IB online. There are some decent technical books on accounting/finance/related topics, but anything careers-related in book form tends to be dull or generic or outdated.
What are the best book(s) you’ve ever read? What books would you recommend? Lately I want to read some good ole fashioned non-fiction or fiction that has nothing to do with IB. Business, fiction, psychology…
It’s really hard to answer this question because I read a few dozen books each year and always jump between different styles (“classics,” sci-fi/fantasy, thriller, mystery, etc.). But my top recommendation based on Quality / Fame (i.e., something very good that few people know about) would be the Divine Cities trilogy by Robert Jackson Bennett (if you like fantasy / speculative fiction).
Great review! Will definitely add this on my next reads :)
Had a quick question about your next article (1 Hour LBO), but wouldn’t let me post a comment there.
I was wondering, what are your top 5 favorite shortcuts/tips/tricks to speed up financial modeling?
I have your BIWS guides, and it seems like you use some sort of macro or command to paste formulas and format extremely quickly (the paste special box comes up, selects, and leaves very quickly). Is there a macro you’re using for these? Or do you just type alt e s t very quickly?
Besides that, woudl appreciate any other tips for finishign LBOs very quickly! (besides practice!)
If you already have our courses, I recommend leaving comments on BIWS or sending them in via email because you will receive faster responses that way (I check the comments here maybe once every 1-2 weeks, and it is just me instead of multiple people). I occasionally use macros for certain operations, but did not use any in this example. I am extremely fast at typing Ctrl + C and Alt, E, S, F or T to copy/paste formulas or text.
All you can really do to get better is to practice repeatedly with different examples. If you’ve already done a lot of examples but still can’t finish them quickly, then you might need more practice with the fundamentals first, such as completing basic 3-statement models before adding the extra components needed for an LBO.
“I strongly recommend reading this book” from you Brian is a gold ticket – just ordered the book without hesitation, even if both not in IB and in a country where the book sold out (Australia).
However I’m sure many of the points in the books can easily be transfered to other fields … thanks for the recommendation.
Question while I’m leaving one of those rare comments (i’ve been following your blog for 8+ years now) : how are you going ? There seem to be less comments on recent articles despite them being still being of really good quality – hope you won’t stop, I’m always happily reading them (once in a while thought, when I was younger it was far more frequent, but I still come every other month and catch up).
And other than content-wise, hope you’re well mate.
Thanks for your support. I am fine. Regarding comments, yes, there are fewer comments than in previous years, but I also spend less time on this site now and don’t pay much attention to the comment count. This is a business, and there isn’t much correlation between sales and comments (or even traffic). I also don’t expect most people to read forever, as this site is mostly relevant for students and entry-level professionals. I hope to continue this site in some form indefinitely, but I will probably write less personally. It has been 15 years, and there’s only so much I, or anyone, can say about this topic after that much time.
Makes sense, thanks for the reply. Following up as I received and read the book – thanks for the recommendation, really appreciated his style and some key anecdotes.
Good to hear the business is still going well and (at least partly) decorrelated from the comments.
Best for your next adventures Brian.
Glad to hear it!
Always like your review articles! Quick Question: Do you have any articles that are focused on career advice for those that do not come from target schools? By that I mean career path options outside of investment banking, etc.
Thanks. There are articles here on career options outside of IB, but they’re not necessarily marked “career paths for non-target students.” Examples:
Nice review, just in time for the holidays. Will give it a read and post my feedback as well.